Volkswagen Golf and Golf R History / Evolution (1974 - 2019)
Sagittarius V - Lucidator. Link - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UJJtZHwstMA
TeknoAXE - Retro Future Nights. Link - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D_jQLR6zq30
TeknoAXE - Twilight Metropolis A. Link - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k1C1algxG0E
The Volkswagen Golf is a compact car produced by the German automotive manufacturer Volkswagen since 1974
Initially, most Golf production was in the 3-door hatchback style. Other variants include a 5-door hatchback, station wagon (Variant, from 1993), convertible and a Golf-derived notchback sedan, variously called Volkswagen Jetta, Volkswagen Vento or Volkswagen Bora.
In May 1974, Volkswagen presented the first-generation Golf Mk1 Typ 17 as a modern front-wheel-drive, long-range replacement for the Volkswagen Beetle.
September 1983 saw the introduction of the second-generation Golf Mk2 Typ 19E
The third-generation Golf Mk3 Typ 1H made its home-market début in August 1991
The Golf Mk4 Typ 1J was first introduced in August 1997, followed by a notchback version (VW Bora or, in North America, again VW Jetta)
The Golf Mk5 Typ 1K was introduced in Europe in the autumn of 2003, reaching the UK market in early 2004.
Volkswagen based the Golf Mk6 Typ 5K on the existing PQ35 platform from the Golf Mk5.
The Golf VII, Mk7 Typ 5G uses the new MQB platform, shared with the third-generation Audi A3, SEAT León and Škoda Octavia. It is slightly larger than the Mk6 while managing to be approximately 100 kg lighter, depending on engine choice. The GTI will offer a 154 kW (207 hp; 209 PS) turbocharged 2.0-litre four-cylinder with an available performance pack to raise the output to 162 kW (217 hp; 220 PS).The Golf R now has a 218 kW (292 hp; 296 PS) turbocharged 2.0-litre four-cylinder with Haldex Traction all-wheel-drive
A version of the GTI dubbed the GTI Clubsport making 195 kW (261 hp; 265 PS) was released in 2016. A variant of the Clubsport called the Clubsport S held the record for the fastest front-wheel-drive car around the Nürburgring, until the 2017 Honda Civic Type-R took the record once again.
The Golf line is available in all the relevant drive systems: the Golf TSI, including GTI, is petrol-powered; Golf TDI diesel (Turbo Direct Injection), including GTD, is diesel-powered; the Golf TGI is powered by compressed natural gas (CNG); the e-Golf is powered by electricity; and the Golf GTE is a plug-in hybrid. The use of a modular transverse matrix assembly kit enables the manufacturing of Golf models with gasoline, diesel, natural gas, electric and hybrid drives from bumper to bumper at Volkswagen factories.
In November 2016, Volkswagen revealed a facelifted version (Golf 7.5) to the 3-door hatchback, 5-door hatchback, 5-door estate, GTI and GTE, in addition to a new "R-Line" Golf. With those models, comes a new economical engine: 1.5-litre TSI EVO which produces 97 kW (130 hp; 132 PS) or 110 kW (150 hp; 150 PS) and replaces the 1.4-litre TSI. The updated GTI version now features a 230 hp as standard (220 hp previously) or 247 hp in the optional performance pack (230 hp previously). In terms of interior technology, the Golf now features a 12.3" TFT display as an option that is similar to Audi models and known as "Virtual Cockpit", full LED lights, animated tail indicators as an option (also used in Audi models), etc.
The most powerful Volkswagen Golf available is the R, which boasts 306hp (228kW) by a 2.0L (1984cc) turbocharged in-line 4 cylinder engine. The Golf R is limited to 155mph, but when derestricted it can reach over 165mph. With the DSG gearbox selected, the Golf R can achieve a 0-60 time of 4.8 seconds - however, external tests have drawn a 0-60 time of as low as 4.4 seconds.
The VW Golf has had several generations made into electric CityStromer models.
The Golf GTE is a plug-in hybrid version of the Golf hatchback unveiled at the 2014 Geneva Motor Show. The Golf GTE shares the basic powertrain hardware with the Audi A3 Sportback e-tron but the software controls are different. The Golf GTE also shares the same plug-in hybrid powertrain with the Volkswagen Passat GTE, but the Passat has a larger 9.9 kWh Li-ion battery pack.
Volkswagen Motorsport, the motorsport division of the brand, built the Golf TCR touring car in 2015 for use in various international and national competitions which use TCR regulations. In 2016 the car was updated and renamed Golf GTi TCR.
The Golf blue-emotion concept has a 26.5 kWh lithium-ion battery pack and is powered by an 85 kW electric motor which drives the front wheels through a single speed transmission.
Jan 13, 2019 at 09:01 AM
Science and Technology