Toyota Camry History / Evolution (1980 - 2019)
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The Toyota Camry is an automobile sold internationally by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota since 1982, spanning multiple generations. Originally compact in size (narrow-body), later Camry models have grown to fit the mid-size classification (wide-body)—although the two sizes co-existed in the 1990s. Since the release of the wide-bodied versions, Camry has been extolled by Toyota as the firm's second "world car" after the Corolla. In Japan, Camry is exclusive to Toyota Corolla Store retail dealerships. Narrow-body cars also spawned a rebadged sibling in Japan, the Toyota Vista also introduced in 1982 and sold at Toyota Vista Store locations. Diesel fuel versions have previously retailed at Toyota Diesel Store.
The "Camry" nameplate originated on a four-door sedan approximate to the Toyota Celica called the Celica Camry. Toyota designated this initial application of the Camry name as the A40/A50 series.
Toyota started production of the first generation series Camry in March 1982 at the Tsutsumi plant. Designated the model code V10, when fitted with S-series gasoline engines it was known as the SV10, SV11, or SV12 depending on the exact version.
The second generation, V20 series Camry went on sale during August 1986 in Japan. As with the previous series, there was again a parallel Vista model for the home market
The Holden Apollo, a rebadged variant to the Toyota Camry retailed in Australia alongside the facelifted Camry V20 series from August 1989.
Camry V30 carried forward the four-door sedan and a differently styled hardtop sedan.
The Camry V40 appeared in July 1994
The V50 generation was not available as a Camry—only as a Vista—as a sedan a station wagon called Vista Ardeo. 1.8 L and 2.0 L engines
Toyota replaced the compact V20 Camry with the Japanese market-only V30 series in 1990. international markets such as Australia and North America received a widened version of the V30 known as the XV10 series.
In late 1991 development on the XV20 commenced after launch of the XV10 under the 415T program.
Toyota released the Camry XV30 series as a larger sedan but without a station wagon. The wagon's demise occurred due to its sales erosion to minivans and crossover SUV
XV40 Camry saw even greater differentiation between
The XV50 Camry was produced from 21 August 2011
A major facelift released to North America in April 2014 for the 2015 model year updated most of the exterior panels.
The latest Camry which will be the eighth-generation of the global Camry model and known as the XV70 was introduced at the January 2017 North American International Auto Show. A small portion of the initial North American production was sourced from the Tsutsumi plant in Japan.
The XV70 Camry was launched in Thailand in It was expected to be launched in Western Europe in 2019, replacing the Avensis.
The XV70 Camry is built on Toyota New Global Architecture Platform which is shared with the latest Toyota Prius hybrid hatchback and Toyota C-HR crossover SUV.
Trim Levels for the North American Camry include L, LE, SE, XLE, and XSE, as well as LE, SE & XLE versions of the Camry Hybrid.
Engine choices include a base 2.5 L inline four-cylinder (I4) that now produces 151 kW (203 hp) in base form (155 kW (208 hp) when equipped with the optional quad exhaust) the same 2.5 L inline four-cylinder (I4) engine with an electric motor (Hybrid) that produces 155 kW (208 hp) or the top-of-the-line 3.5 L V6 that produces 224 kW (301 hp). In some markets the old 2.5 L 2AR-FE engine is carried over from the previous generation which produces 133 kW (178 hp).
The Camry would be the first Toyota vehicle to introduce the Entune 3.0 System which powered by Linux will be an "Open-Source" operating system (OS) providing for developers to develop different applications that will work with the new infotainment system.
Transmission choices include a simulated six-speed sequential shift automatic (Continuously Variable Transmission) for Hybrid models six-speed automatic for the 2.5L 2AR-FE engine or an eight-speed automatic for other I4 and V6 powered Camrys.
As with all Toyota vehicles Toyota Safety Sense will come as standard equipment on all Camry models bringing standard a pre-collision system with pedestrian detection a full-speed radar cruise control lane departure warning with steering assist and automatic high beam assist. Optional safety features will include active blind spot monitoring with rear cross-traffic alert intelligent clearance sonar and rear cross-traffic braking.
Jan 13, 2019 at 09:01 AM
Science and Technology
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